The Journal of the Polish Biochemical Society
and of the Committee of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Polish Academy of Sciences

Acta Biochimica Polonica
Vol. 64 No. 4/2017

Acta Biochimica Polonica
Supplement 1, 2017
Polish Iron Club

Selected Review from the Current Issue:

Connexin-dependent intercellular stress signaling in tissue homeostasis and tumor development

Jarosław Czyż, Katarzyna Piwowarczyk, Milena Paw, Marcin Luty, Tomasz Wróbel, Jessica Catapano, Zbigniew Madeja and Damian Ryszawy

Cellular stress responses determine tissue development, homeostasis and pathogenesis. Paracrine signaling, exchange of mechanical stimuli and intercellular transfer of small metabolites via connexin-built gap junctional channels are involved in the cellular stress detection and propagation of stress stimuli in multicellular networks. Cellular stress responses are also regulated through the activity of unpaired connexons (hemichannels) and via the intracellular interference of connexins with the cell cycle and pro-apoptotic machinery. Therefore, connexins are considered as multidirectional transmitters of the "outside-in" and "inside-out" stress signaling that are crucial for tissue homeostasis, regeneration and pathology. In particular, the disturbance of connexin function during the multi-stage process of tumor development leads to abnormal reactions of tumor cells to stress stimuli. In this review, we outline the current knowledge on the multidirectional role of connexins in the detection of stress signals. We also discuss the role of connexin-mediated intercellular transmittance of stress signals in tumour promotion, progression and metastatic cascade.

Highlights:

1. Connexins and gap junctions protect cells from the microenvironmental stress and are involved in propagation and intracellular processing of stress signals.

2. The quality and quantity of stress stimuli, which may lead to cell adaptation or death by apoptosis, is determined by intrinsic properties of connexins and the cell phenotype.

3. Connexin deficiency increases the resistance of tumor cells to the "outside-in" stress signaling.

4. The connexin-mediated "inside-out" stress signaling participates in tumor cell invasion during the metastatic cascade.

Acta Biochimica Polonica, 64(3), 377-389, Review, DOI: 10.18388/abp.2017_1592

Acta Biochimica Polonica is indexed in: Current Contents, Biochem. and Biophys. Citation Index, BIOSIS, Chemical Abstracts, Excerpta Medica, Medline, Index Copernicus, CBR

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